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Ἐννόημα
! This parable reflects the whole history of the human race, but in the context of all the readings that have gone before, it tells us also of the terrible, in the full sense of that word, ingratitude of mankind, including all of us, to God.
 
! Today's Gospel reading tells us that God created a whole beautiful wonderful world, fenced it with His might and His providence, prepared everything in it so that it could be the place of God's Kingdom, that is the Kingdom of mutual love, the Kingdom of joy. But we know what we, people, have made of this world: a place where men are afraid to live, where there is bloodshed, where inhuman, cruel acts are committed, and not only on a world-wide scale, but on a family scale, a parish scale, and among the closest friends.
 
! I am speaking not of others, but of us ourselves, because life is entrusted to us to make of it a triumph of love, brotherhood, harmony, faith and joy, and we do not do so, because we think only of ourselves.
 
! We must come to our senses. I have said many times that we are saved because God loves us; yet not by the love of God only, but by our response to this love. If our wish is merely to reap the fruits of the Gross, of the crucifixion, of the days of the passion, and return nothing to God, and give nothing to our neighbour for whom God died, except a momentary thought, we are alien to everything that God accomplished for us.
 
! Ask yourselves, ‘am I not a worker in the vineyard, and am I not one of those who pushes Christ away every time He enters my life? Do I not say: get off my path, get out of my life — I want to be the God, the master, I want to manage everything.’ Thus speaks each one of us, not so rudely, not so blasphemously, but in actions, in rotten words.
 
Ἡ Παραβολὴ τοῦ ἀμπελῶνος (Ματθ. 21,33-42)
Anthony Bloom (Metropolitan of Sourozh (1914- 2003))




Εἰς τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ Πατρὸς, καὶ τοῦ Υἱοῦ καὶ τοῦ Ἁγίου Πνεύματος.

Τὸ σημερινὸ Εὐαγγέλιο, μετὰ ἀπὸ μιὰ σειρὰ ἀπὸ εὐχάριστα ἀναγνώσματα, εἶναι, νὰ τὸ πῶ ἔτσι, τρομαχτικό: εἶναι ἡ ἱστορία τῶν ἐργατῶν τοῦ ἀμπελῶνος ποὺ γίνονται προδότες. Καὶ πράγματι τούτη ἡ παραβολὴ ἀντικατοπτρίζει ὅλη τὴν ἱστορία τοῦ ἀνθρώπινου γένους, ἀλλὰ στὸ πλαίσιο ὅλων τῶν κειμένων ποὺ προηγήθηκαν, μᾶς μιλάει ἐπίσης γιὰ τὴν τρομερὴ, μὲ ὅλη τὴ σημασία τοῦ ὅρου, ἀγνωμοσύνη τῆς ἀνθρωπότητας πρὸς τὸν Θεό. Ἀπέναντι στὴν ἀγάπη Του, τὰ θαύματα Του, σὲ ὅλα ὅσα ἔκανε γιὰ ἐμᾶς, παραμένουμε ἀσυγκίνητοι καὶ ἐγωκεντρικοί· σκεφτόμαστε τὸν ἑαυτό μας, δὲν σκεφτόμαστε τὸν πλησίον μας, ἀκόμα λιγότερο σκεφτόμαστε τὸν Θεό· ἀχαριστία, ἀγάπη πρὸς τὸν ἑαυτό μας, ἐγωκεντρισμός, συγκέντρωση σὲ αὐτὸ ποὺ θέλουμε, ποὺ μᾶς γοητεύει, σ’ ὅ,τι μᾶς φαίνεται ἀπαραίτητο.

 

Τὸ σημερινὸ Εὐαγγελικὸ ἀνάγνωσμα μᾶς λέει ὅτι ὁ Θεὸς δημιούργησε ἕναν ὄμορφο, ὑπέροχο κόσμο, τὸν περιέβαλλε μὲ τὴν δύναμη καὶ τὴν πρόνοια Του, προετοίμασε τὰ πάντα ὥστε νὰ γίνουν τόπος τῆς Βασιλείας Του, τοῦ Βασιλείου τῆς ἀμοιβαίας ἀγάπης, τῆς χαρᾶς. Ἀλλὰ γνωρίζουμε τὶ κάναμε σ’ αὐτὸν τὸν κόσμο· φτιάξαμε ἕναν κόσμο ὅπου οἱ ἄνθρωποι φοβοῦνται νὰ ζήσουν, ὅπου ὑπάρχει αἱματοχυσία, ὅπου διαπράττονται ἀπάνθρωπες, σκληρὲς πράξεις ὄχι μόνο σὲ σὲ παγκόσμια κλίμακα, ἀλλὰ σὲ ἐπίπεδο οἰκογενειακό, ἐνοριακό, καὶ μεταξὺ τῶν πιὸ κοντινῶν φίλων.

Ἀπὸ γενιὰ σὲ γενιὰ ὁ Κύριος ἔστελνε τοὺς ἀπεσταλμένους Του: πατριάρχες, προφῆτες, ἀγγέλους, κήρυκες, τὸν Πρόδρομο καὶ στὸ τέλος ἦλθε ὁ ἴδιος νὰ μᾶς θυμίσει ὅτι ὁ κόσμος πλάστηκε γιὰ τὴν ἀγάπη. Καὶ ὅπως στὴν παραβολὴ ὁδήγησαν τὸν υἱὸ ἕξω ἀπὸ τὸν ἀμπελώνα καὶ τὸν σκότωσαν, ἔτσι τὸ ἀνθρώπινο γένος φέρθηκε στὸν Υἱὸ τοῦ Θεοῦ. Καὶ ὅταν μιλῶ γιὰ «ἀνθρωπότητα», δὲν ἀναφέρομαι στοὺς ἄλλους, ἀλλὰ σ’ ἐμᾶς, ἐπειδὴ ὁ Κύριος μᾶς ἐμπιστεύτηκε τὴν ζωὴ γιὰ νὰ τὴν κάνουμε θρίαμβο τῆς ἀγάπης, τῆς ἀδελφοσύνης, τῆς ἁρμονίας, τῆς πίστης καὶ τῆς χαρᾶς, καὶ δὲν τὸ κάνουμε ἐπειδὴ σκεφτόμαστε τοὺς ἑαυτοὺς μας. Σὲ ἀνταπόδοση ὅσων ἔκανε γιὰ μᾶς, ποὺ μᾶς δημιούργησε, ποὺ μᾶς ἀποκάλυψε τὸν ἑαυτό Του, ποὺ μᾶς πρόσφερε ὅλη Του τὴν ἀγάπη καὶ στὸ τέλος τὴν ζωὴ καὶ τὸν θάνατο τοῦ Υἱοῦ Του, μόλις καὶ μετὰ βίας προφέρουμε ἕνα «Εὐχαριστῶ» καὶ τὴν ἴδια στιγμὴ ξεχνᾶμε.

Στραφῆτε πίσω σὲ ὅ,τι ἀκούσατε στὴ διάρκεια τῆς Τεσσαρακοστῆς, σὲ ὅ,τι εἴδατε τὸ βράδυ τῆς Ἀνάστασης, σὲ ὅ,τι εἰπώθηκε ἀπὸ τοὺς ἁγίους τὶς μετέπειτα ἑβδομάδες, τοὺς ἁγίους τῆς Ρωσίας, τοὺς ἁγίους αὐτῶν τῶν νησιῶν, ἀπὸ τὸ Εὐαγγέλιο τῆς ἀγάπης καὶ τῆς ἀνθρωπιᾶς. Μελετῆστε τα ὅλα αὐτὰ καὶ ἀναρωτηθῆτε: «Εἶμαι ἐργάτης τοῦ ἀμπελῶνος, καὶ εἶμαι ἀπὸ ἐκείνους ποὺ ἀπωθεῖ μακρυὰ τὸν Χριστὸ κάθε φορὰ ποὺ ἔρχεται στὴν ζωή μου; Δὲν Τοῦ λέω: Βγὲς ἀπὸ τὸν δρόμο μου, βγὲς ἀπὸ τὴν ζωή μου – θέλω νὰ εἶμαι ὁ Θεὸς, ὁ ἀφέντης, θέλω νὰ διαχειρίζομαι τὰ πάντα.» Ἔτσι μιλάει ὁ καθένας μας, ἴσως ὄχι μὲ τέτοια ἀγένεια, τόσο βλάσφημα, ἀλλὰ μὲ τὰ ἔργα μας, μὲ κούφιες λέξεις.

Πρέπει νὰ συνέλθουμε. Ἔχω πεῖ τόσες φορὲς ὅτι σωζόμαστε ἐπειδὴ μᾶς ἀγαπάει ὁ Θεός, ἀλλὰ ὄχι μόνο ἀπὸ τὴν ἀγάπη Του, ἀλλὰ ὰπὸ τὴν ἀνταπόκριση μας σ’ αὐτὴν. Ἄν ἐπιθυμία μας εἶναι ἁπλῶς νὰ καρπωθοῦμε τοὺς καρποὺς τοῦ Σταυροῦ, τῆς σταύρωσης, τῶν ἡμερῶν τοῦ πάθους, καὶ νὰ μὴν ἐπιστρέψουμε κάτι στὸν Θεό, καὶ νὰ μὴν προσφέρουμε κάτι στὸν πλησίον μας γιὰ τὸν ὁποῖο πέθανε ὁ Θεός, παρὰ μόνο μιὰ στιγμιαία σκέψη, εἴμαστε ἐχθρικοὶ πρὸς κάθε τι ποὺ ἔκανε γιὰ μᾶς.

Ἄς πάρουμε θέση ἐνώπιον αὐτῆς τῆς προειδοποίησης, τῆς ὑπενθύμισης τοῦ σημερινοῦ Εὐαγγελίου καὶ ἄς σκεφτοῦμε: «ποῦ εἶναι ἡ εὐγνωμοσύνη μου, εὐγνωμοσύνη ὄχι μόνο στὰ λόγια, ἀλλὰ στὴν πράξη;» Ἄς κρίνουμε τοὺς ἑαυτοὺς μας καὶ ἄς ξεκινήσουμε μιὰ νέα ζωή. Εὐγνωμοσύνη πρὸς τὸν Θεὸ σημαίνει νὰ εἴμαστε ἡ χαρά Του, καὶ στήριγμα, σωτηρία καὶ χαρὰ πρὸς τὸν πλησίον μας. Ἄς ξεκινήσουμε σήμερα νὰ φέρουμε καρποὺς ἀπ’ ὅ,τι μόλις μάθαμε ἀπὸ τὸν Θεὸ μέσα ὰπὸ τὴν ζωή τοῦ Χριστοῦ.
Ἀμήν.


Ἀπόδοση στὰ νεοελληνικά: www.agiazoni.gr


 
Πρωτότυπο κείμενο





In the Name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost.

Today's Gospel, interrupting, so to speak, a series of joyful readings, is a very terrifying one: the story of the workers in the vineyard who turned out to be traitors. And indeed this parable reflects the whole history of the human race, but in the context of all the readings that have gone before, it tells us also of the terrible, in the full sense of that word, ingratitude of mankind, including all of us, to God. In the face of all His love, all His miracles, in the face of everything that He has accomplished, we remain unmoved and self-centred; we think of ourselves, we do not think of our neighbours, still less do we think of God; ingratitude, self love, concentration on ourselves, on what we want, what appeals to us, what seems necessary to us.

Today's Gospel reading tells us that God created a whole beautiful wonderful world, fenced it with His might and His providence, prepared everything in it so that it could be the place of God's Kingdom, that is the Kingdom of mutual love, the Kingdom of joy. But we know what we, people, have made of this world: a place where men are afraid to live, where there is bloodshed, where inhuman, cruel acts are committed, and not only on a world-wide scale, but on a family scale, a parish scale, and among the closest friends.

From generation to generation the Lord has sent His messengers: patriarchs, prophets, angels, preachers, the Forerunner; and finally He came Himself to remind us that the world was created for love. And as in the parable the workers led the son out of the vineyard and killed him, so mankind treated the incarnate Son of God. And when I say ‘mankind’, I am speaking not of others, but of us ourselves, because life is entrusted to us to make of it a triumph of love, brotherhood, harmony, faith and joy, and we do not do so, because we think only of ourselves. In response to everything that God has done for us, created us, revealing Himself to us, pouring out all His love on us and finally giving us the life and death of His Son, we produce hardly anything but a brief ‘Thank you’ and instantly forget.

Turn back to everything you heard during Lent, to what you saw on the night of Christ's Resurrection, to what was said in all the subsequent weeks by the saints, the saints of Russia, the saints of these islands, by the Gospel of love and humanity. Consider all this and ask yourselves, ‘am I not a worker in the vineyard, and am I not one of those who pushes Christ away every time He enters my life? Do I not say: get off my path, get out of my life — I want to be the God, the master, I want to manage everything.’ Thus speaks each one of us, not so rudely, not so blasphemously, but in actions, in rotten words.

We must come to our senses. I have said many times that we are saved because God loves us; yet not by the love of God only, but by our response to this love. If our wish is merely to reap the fruits of the Gross, of the crucifixion, of the days of the passion, and return nothing to God, and give nothing to our neighbour for whom God died, except a momentary thought, we are alien to everything that God accomplished for us.

Let us therefore stand before the warning, the reminder in today's Gospel and face the question, ‘where is my gratitude? Do I embody it not only in words, which are rare enough but in deeds?’ Let us pass judgement on ourselves and start a new life. Gratitude to God consists in being a joy to Him, and to our neighbour a support, a saviour and a joy. Let us begin today to bear the fruits of what we have just learned from God through Christ. Amen.


 

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Ἡ Θεία Λειτουργία

Ἡ Ἐκκλησία εἶναι ὁ λαὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ, καὶ ἑπομένως ἡ θεία Λειτουργία, σὰν δημόσιο ἔργο, γίνεται γιὰ τὸ λαὸ τοῦ Θεοῦ ἀπὸ τὸν ἴδιο τὸ λαό. Γιατί δὲν λειτουργοῦν μόνοι τους οὔτε μυστικὰ οἱ ἱερεῖς τῆς Ἐκκλησίας, ἀλλὰ κάθε φορὰ ὁ λαὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ μὲ τοὺς ἱερεῖς του τελοῦν τὴ θεία Λειτουργία. Ὅταν λέμε λαὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ, δὲν ἐννοοοῦμε χωριστά τοὺς λαϊκοὺς ἀπὸ τοὺς κληρικούς, ἀλλὰ καὶ τοὺς λαϊκοὺς καὶ τοὺς κληρικοὺς· ὅλοι μαζὶ καὶ λαϊκοὶ καὶ κληρικοὶ εἴμαστε ὁ λαὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ.